This guide is intended to help explain how full spectrum hemp oil works & provide patients with general information about medicinal cannabis. This guide does not provide medical advice and does not support any form of self medication. Always listen to your doctors advice as they understand your medical history.

This information contained in this guide does not act as medical advice or support any form of self medication.

Active Ingredients: Cannabinoids & terpenes

Cannabinoids are the main active ingredient in cannabis and more than 100 have been identified. Cannabinoids can be produced by the human body found in plants or manufactured in laboratory for the use of some prescription medication.

Here we will focus on cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant called phytocannabinoids: Phytocannabinoids are concentrated with sticky crystals on the flowers of the female cannabis plant called trichomes. These trichomes are separated from the plant material when making extracts, including cannabis oil.

THC & CBD (cannabidiol) are the most researched and well understood cannabinoids. Cannabis varieties (also known as strains) differ in their THC and CBD levels and in the ratio of THC to CBD. Therapeutic benefits will vary depending on the patients biology and the product selected.


Research shows that THC may be helpful for things such as pain relief from nausea reduction of spasticity and improving appetite. THC is also responsible for the euphoric and psychoactive affect of cannabis.


CBD may be helpful for reducing inflammation, seizures, anxiety and improving sleep. It does not cause the intoxicating euphoric effects that can be caused by THC and may, in fact, reduce some of the potential side-effects of THC such as nervousness.

Cannabis isn’t a one size fits all therapy. Many patients benefit from using more than one product, as for example, when they are medicating during the day versus the evening, or for different symptoms.

Activation of cannabinoids

To be effective cannabinoids CBD and THC need to be activated in a process called decarboxylated. Thanks to Hemp Decarb hemp oil contained cannabis oil that has been decarboxyated.

Terpenes & flavonoids

Terpenes and flavonoids are responsible for the scent and flavours of different cannabis varieties. Terpenes may have their own effects on the body as well as interacting with cannabinoids to create the unique properties of individual cannabis varieties.

This is known as the encourage effect, a theory that describes the potential interactions between major cannabinoids, minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant constituents.

The Endocannabinoid system

Humans naturally produce cannabinoids called (called Endocannabinoids) that interact with cell receptors throughout the body. Endocannabinoids are like a key, receptors are like a lock, and they fit together to produce effects in the body.

The Endocannabinoid system is involved in many psychological functions, including inflammation, sleep, pain, memory, digestion, immune function, neuro protection, and more.

The phytocannabinoids (E.g. THC and CBD) that are produced by the cannabis plant also interact with the receptors of your Endocannabinoid system. This could possibly explain why cannabis seems to have an affect on such a wide range of symptoms and conditions.

Cannabinoid receptors are located on cell surfaces throughout the body.


We hope this helps you gain an understanding how full spectrum hemp oil works. Follow us on Medium for more helpful advice on Hemp Oils

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